Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is a dangerous condition which occurs when the force of the blood is too high for your blood vessels to hold. According to statistics, the disease affects 70 million Americans, which accounts for every 1 out of 3 adults. Hypertension is not a simple problem – if left untreated on time, it raises the risk of fatal cardiovascular diseases.
People with high blood pressure often experience no symptoms at all, which is why the majority of sufferers are not aware of the condition. There are many medications that can help against high blood pressure, but they are a temporary solution which doesn’t treat the underlying cause. Many experts claim that the best way of resolving the problem is leading a healthy lifestyle and eating a healthy diet, and we must agree with that view.
The measurement of blood pressure shows two values – systolic and diastolic pressure. Here are the ranges of blood pressure:
Normal: Lower than 120/80
Stage 1 high blood pressure: 140–159/90–99
Stage 2 high blood pressure: 160 and above/100 and above
In most cases, high blood pressure doesn’t cause any symptoms, but many people report confusion, headaches, irregular heartbeat, chest pain, ear noise, fatigue and nosebleeds. Controlling your blood pressure and reacting on time are vital for prevention of further problems. If left untreated, hypertension can shorten your longevity by 5 years if you are over 50.
More than 360 000 people died in the USA from hypertension in 2013, which equals about 1000 deaths a day. As you can see, high blood pressure is a severe health problem which requires a serious treatment. Hypertension can raise the risk of chronic heart failure, eye problems, metabolic syndrome, first heart attack and stroke, aneurysm and memory problems.
Low blood pressure
The aging process and numerous other factors can lead to either high or low blood pressure. Both conditions are equally dangerous and require serious treatment. Just like high blood pressure, low blood pressure doesn’t cause any symptoms. The condition usually occurs if you stand up from a lying position suddenly or if you’re standing for a prolonged period. When this occurs, the brain is deprived of proper blood supply, which can cause dizziness. The condition affects more than 15% of people over 65 and should be treated on time. Although low blood pressure doesn’t cause any specific symptoms, people have reported dizziness, cold and pale skin, nausea, fainting, blurred vision, lethargy, rapid breathing and fatigue.
Low blood pressure is usually caused by endocrine problems, neutrally mediated hypotension, infections, allergic reactions, pregnancy, some medications, a decrease in blood volume and nutritional deficiencies.